Enhancing Organizational Performance

Enhancing Organizational Performance


  • Release: 1997-04-02
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 304 page
  • ISBN: 0309175828
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Total quality management (TQM), reengineering, the workplace of the twenty-first century--the 1990s have brought a sense of urgency to organizations to change or face stagnation and decline, according to Enhancing Organizational Performance. Organizations are adopting popular management techniques, some scientific, some faddish, often without introducing them properly or adequately measuring the outcome. Enhancing Organizational Performance reviews the most popular current approaches to organizational change--total quality management, reengineering, and downsizing--in terms of how they affect organizations and people, how performance improvements can be measured, and what questions remain to be answered by researchers. The committee explores how theory, doctrine, accepted wisdom, and personal experience have all served as sources for organization design. Alternative organization structures such as teams, specialist networks, associations, and virtual organizations are examined. Enhancing Organizational Performance looks at the influence of the organization's norms, values, and beliefs--its culture--on people and their performance, identifying cultural "levers" available to organization leaders. And what is leadership? The committee sorts through a wealth of research to identify behaviors and skills related to leadership effectiveness. The volume examines techniques for developing these skills and suggests new competencies that will become required with globalization and other trends. Mergers, networks, alliances, coalitions--organizations are increasingly turning to new intra- and inter-organizational structures. Enhancing Organizational Performance discusses how organizations cooperate to maximize outcomes. The committee explores the changing missions of the U.S. Army as a case study that has relevance to any organization. Noting that a musical greeting card contains more computing power than existed in the entire world before 1950, the committee addresses the impa

Values and Behavior

Values and Behavior


  • Release: 2017-07-10
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 418 page
  • ISBN: 9783319563527
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What are values? How are they different from attitudes, traits, and specific goals? How do our values influence our behavior, and vice versa? How does our culture and environment impact the relationship between values and behavior? These questions and more are rigorously examined by prominent and emerging scholars in this significant volume Values and Behavior: Taking A Cross Cultural Perspective. Personal values are cognitive representations of abstract, desirable motivational goals that guide the way individuals select actions, evaluate people and events, and explain their actions and evaluations. The unique features of values have implications for their impact on behavior. People are highly satisfied with their values and perceive them as close to their ideal selves. At the same time, however, daily interpersonal interaction reveals that individuals hold different, sometimes opposing, value profiles. These individual differences are even more apparent when individuals from different cultures interact. The collected chapters address the links between values and behavior from a cultural perspective. They review studies conducted in various cultures and discuss culture as a moderator of the relationships between values and behavior. Structurally, part I of the volume discusses what values are and how they should be measure; part II then examines the contents of the relationships between values and behavior in different life-domains, including prosocial behavior, aggression, behavior in organizations and relationships formation. Part III explores some of the moderating mechanisms that relate values to behavior. Taken together, these chapters review and synthesize over twenty years of research on values and behavior, and propose new insights that have important implications for both research and for practice.


  • Release:
  • Publisher: Cengage AU
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, page
  • ISBN: 9780170281171
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Cultural Values in Political Economy

Cultural Values in Political Economy


  • Release: 2020-08-25
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 272 page
  • ISBN: 9781503612709
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The backlash against globalization and the rise of cultural anxiety has led to considerable re-thinking among social scientists. This book provides multiple theoretical, historical, and methodological orientations to examine these issues. While addressing the rise of populism worldwide, the volume provides explanations that cover periods of both cultural turbulence and stability. Issues addressed include populism and cultural anxiety, class, religion, arts and cultural diversity, global environment norms, international trade, and soft power. The interdisciplinary scholarship from well-known scholars questions the oft-made assumption in political economy that holds culture "constant," which in practice means marginalizing it in the explanation. The volume conceptualizes culture as a repertoire of values and alternatives. Locating human interests in underlying cultural values does not make political economy's strategic or instrumental calculations of interests redundant: the instrumental logic follows a social context and a distribution of cultural values, while locating forms of decision-making that may not be rational.

Geography  Culture and Education

Geography Culture and Education


  • Release: 2013-04-17
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 250 page
  • ISBN: 9789401716796
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The aim of this book is to inject more intercultural understanding and education into people's lives. This is achieved by focusing on key aspects such as geography and culture, geography and citizenship, pedagogic implications and future directions for inter-cultural learning, understanding, and education. This publication demonstrates how the study of geography can assist people in different social and cultural groups to sustain their lifeworlds, and improve them for future generations of citizens.

Cultural Values and Development in Uganda

Cultural Values and Development in Uganda


  • Release: 2000
  • Publisher: Kit Pub
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 51 page
  • ISBN: STANFORD:36105110432239
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Cultural values provide the context in which we act and negotiate regarding new ideas. When culture can be mobilized, it has the potential to serve as a resource in fighting poverty and facilitating development. The studies reported in Cultural Values and Development in Uganda are both theoretically interesting and practically applicable. Individual level values are shown to be directly related to whether people participate or not in projects that enable them to move out of poverty. Community level values can either enhance the effectiveness of attempts to promote development, or clash with and frustrate these attempts. Social capital is another important factor: its far-reaching effects can help to explain differences in the degree of development and the conditions required for change. This research confirms the hypothesis of a Black African cultural profile, shared by Uganda, as well as that of differences between the value systems of developing countries and those of Northern donors and NGOs. The conflict and strain that is apt to result is a serious opportunity cost. The authors consider the implications for cultural change in Uganda.