They Came Before Columbus

They Came Before Columbus


  • Release: 2003
  • Publisher: Random House Incorporated
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 284 page
  • ISBN: UCSC:32106017436624
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Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

Africa and the Discovery of America

Africa and the Discovery of America


  • Release: 2012-01
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 342 page
  • ISBN: 9783864034329
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This book is about an event in history that changed the world for all times. It is a sad story that did not have to be. What Africans and the indigenous Americans have given to the world is a part of total humanity that must be respectfully considered in order to build a world where all people can walk in peace and dignity with their respective contributions accepted.

They Came Before Columbus

They Came Before Columbus


  • Release: 2003
  • Publisher: Random House Incorporated
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 284 page
  • ISBN: UCSC:32106017436624
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Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

The Lost Treasure of King Juba

The Lost Treasure of King Juba


  • Release: 2003-03-25
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 248 page
  • ISBN: 9781591438519
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The story of a mysterious southern Illinois treasure cave and its proof of the presence of Africans in North America long before Columbus. • Includes over 100 photographs of the artifacts discovered. • Re-creates the historic voyage of King Juba and his Mauretanian sailors across the Atlantic to rebuild their society in the New World. • Explains the mystery of the Washitaws, a tribal group of African origin, first encountered by the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In 1982 Russell E. Burrows, a treasure hunter in southern Illinois, stumbled on a cache of ancient weapons, jewels, and gold sarcophagi in a remote cave. There also were stone tablets inscribed with illustrations of Roman-like soldiers, Jews, early Christians, and West African sailors. These relics fueled a bitter controversy in the archaeological community regarding their authenticity, leading Burrows to destroy the entrance to the cave. Researching more than 7,000 artifacts removed from the cave before it was sealed, Frank Joseph explains how these objects came to be buried in the middle of the United States. It started with Cleopatra, whose daughter was made queen of the semi-independent realm of Mauretania, present-day Morocco, which she ruled with her husband, King Juba II. Following the execution of their son, Ptolemy, by Emperor Caligula, the Mauretanians rebelled against their Roman overlords and made their way into what is now Ghana. There they constructed a fleet of ships for a transatlantic voyage to a land where they hoped to rebuild their kingdom safe from Roman rule. They took with them a great prize unsuccessfully sought by two Roman emperors: Cleopatra's golden treasure and King Juba's encyclopedic library of ancient wisdom. Fully illustrated with many previously unpublished photographs of artifacts retrieved from the southern Illinois site, The Lost Treasure of King Juba is a compelling story that could force us to rethink the early history of our nation and the possibility that Africans

1491

1491


  • Release: 2005
  • Publisher: Alfred a Knopf Incorporated
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 465 page
  • ISBN: 9781400040063
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An analysis of America prior to 1492 describes how the research of archaeologists and anthropologists has transformed myths about the Americas, revealing that the cultures were far older and more advanced than previously known.

They Came Before Columbus  The African Presence in Ancient America

They Came Before Columbus The African Presence in Ancient America


  • Release: 2020-02-20
  • Publisher: African classicals
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, page
  • ISBN:
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They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

Before Columbus

Before Columbus


  • Release: 2009-09-08
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 117 page
  • ISBN: 9781416949008
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Based on the startling revelations that the author presented in his adult-level 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, this book for young readers is a fascinating full-color journey into the world of the many advanced cultures that populated the Americas before the arrival of European explorers.

War Before Civilization

War Before Civilization


  • Release: 1997-12-18
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 272 page
  • ISBN: 9780199880706
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The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally,