Pest Risk Assessment of the Importation Into the United States of Unprocessed Eucalyptus Logs and Chips from South America

Pest Risk Assessment of the Importation Into the United States of Unprocessed Eucalyptus Logs and Chips from South America


  • Release: 2001
  • Publisher:
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 134 page
  • ISBN: MINN:31951D02988673H
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In this report, we assess the unmitigated pest risk potential of importing Eucalyptus logs and chips from South America into the United States. To do this, we estimated the likelihood and consequences of introducing representative insects and pathogens of concern. Nineteen individual pest risk assessments were prepared, eleven dealing with insects and eight with pathogens. The selected organisms were representative examples of insects and pathogens found on the foliage, on the bark, in the bark, and in the wood of Eucalyptus spp. Among the insects and pathogens assessed, eight were rated a high risk potential: purple moth (Sarsina violescens), scolytid bark and ambrosia beetles (Scolytopsis brasiliensis, Xyleborus retusus, Xyleborus biconicus, Xyleborus spp.), carpenterworm (Chilecomadia valdiviana) on Eucalyptus nitens, round-headed wood borers (Chydarteres striatus, Retrachyderes thoracicus, Trachyderes spp., Steirastoma breve, Stenodontes spinibarbis), eucalyptus longhorned borer (Phoracantha semipunctata), Botryosphaeria cankers (Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Botryosphaeria ribi), Ceratocystis canker (Ceratocystis fimbriata), and pink disease (Erythricium salmonicolor). A moderate pest risk potential was assigned to eleven other organisms or groups of organisms: eucalypt weevils (Gonipterus spp.), carpenterworm (Chilecomadia valdiviana) on two Eucalyptus species other than E. nitens, platypodid ambrosia beetle (Megaplatypus parasulcatus), yellow phorancantha borer (Phoracantha recurva), subterranean termites (Coptotermes spp., Heterotermes spp.), foliar diseases (Aulographina eucalypti, Cryptosporiopsis eucalypti, Cylindrocladium spp., Phaeophleospora spp., Mycosphaerella spp.), eucalyptus rust (Puccinia psidii), Cryphonectria canker (Cryphonectria cubensis), Cytospora cankers (Cytospora eucalypticola, Cytospora eucalyptina), Coniothyrium canker (Coniothyrium zuluense), and root and stem rots (Armillaria spp., Phellinus spp., Ganoderma sp., Gym

Evangelism Unprocessed

Evangelism Unprocessed


  • Release: 2005-11
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 89 page
  • ISBN: 9781411658493
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This is a short book that will totally change the way you think about evangelism. This book looks at the value of establishing relationships rather than going through a list of processes to witness to a non-Christian.

Unprocessed Living

Unprocessed Living


  • Release: 2015-04-01
  • Publisher:
  • Price: FREE
  • File: PDF, 216 page
  • ISBN: 0692395148
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Are you suffering from low energy, unwanted pounds and minor health concerns, like high cholesterol, headaches or allergies? It could be the food you are eating. Do you want to ditch processed foods, but don't know where to start? Unprocessed Living will teach you how to: Spot ingredients that are wreaking havoc on your health Swap your unhealthy staples for more nutritious versions Save time and money on healthy food Prepare quick, nutritious meals that your family will love Over 100 healthy recipes to get you started! Plus, learn how to eat healthy when dining out or traveling, how to get your family on board and how to get your kids to eat healthy as well. You'll also learn how to keep a healthy home, where you'll learn how to choose safer personal care and cleaning products and items around the home."